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What is the difference between echo and print?
Which is faster, echo or print?

Dec 10th, 2008 09:42
Terra Frost, Taksh Verdhan, forum net tr, Bob Stein, Joshua McGinnis, geozipp, Nathan Wallace, Rasmus Lerdorf


1. Speed.  There is a difference between the two, but speed-wise it
should be irrelevant which one you use.  echo is marginally faster 
since
it doesn't set a return value if you really want to get down to the
nitty gritty.  
2. Expression.  print() behaves like a function in that you can do: 
$ret = print "Hello World"; And $ret will be 1.  That means that print
can be used as part of a more complex expression where echo cannot.  An
example from the PHP Manual:
   $b ? print "true" : print "false";
print is also part of the precedence table which it needs to be if it 
is
to be used within a complex expression. It is just about at the bottom
of the precedence list though.  Only "," AND, OR and XOR are lower.
3. Parameter(s).  The grammar is: echo expression [, expression[,
expression] ... ] But echo ( expression, expression ) is not valid. 
This would be valid: echo ("howdy"),("partner"); the same as: echo
"howdy","partner";   (Putting the brackets in that simple example 
serves
no purpose since there is no operator precedence issue with a single
term like that.)
So, echo without parentheses can take multiple parameters, which get
concatenated:
   echo  "and a ", 1, 2, 3;   // comma-separated without parentheses
   echo ("and a 123");        // just one parameter with parentheses
print() can only take one parameter:
   print ("and a 123");
   print  "and a 123";
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