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Text: Editor: History: Can you give an overview of history of text editors/wordprocessor? [timeline]

May 18th, 2005 10:34
Knud van Eeden,

--- Knud van Eeden --- 14 May 2005 - 01:09 pm ------------------------
Text: Editor: History: Can you give an overview of history of text 
editors/wordprocessor? [timeline]
Some examples:
1962 - In 1962 at the SRI (='S'tanford 'R'esearch 'I'nstitute), 
Douglas Engelbart (inventor of e.g. the mouse), who also later worked 
at Xerox PARC (='P'alo 'A'lto 'R'esearch 'C'enter) proposed, and later 
implemented, a word processor with automatic word wrap, search and 
replace, user-definable macros, scrolling text, and commands to move, 
copy, and delete characters, words, or blocks of text for his NLS 
(=o'NL'ine 'S'ystem)
1967 - QED: In December 1967 Butler Lampson and Peter Deutsch released 
QED (='Q'uick 'ED'itor) for the Berkeley time-sharing system on the 
SDS (='S'cientific 'D'ata 'S'ystems) 940 (this computer, developed by 
Keith Couch, was the first commercial timesharing computer system. It 
was part of the 'Project Genie' (1964-1969) at the University of 
California, Berkeley, which was funded by the ARPA 
('A'dvanced 'R'esearch 'P'roject 'A'gency) of the US military 
(contract SD-185) to produce a timesharing system)
1967 - TECO: the TECO (='T'ext 'E'ditor and 'CO'rrector) editor 
written first for the first Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-1 
(='P'rogrammed 'D'ata 'P'rocessor) timesharing system at MIT 
(='M'assachusets 'I'nstitute of 'T'echnology)
1969 - ED: Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson (original developers of the 
C language and the Unix operating system), while at Bell Labs, release 
a simplified form of QED for the PDP-7, written in PL/M 
('P'rogramming 'L'anguage for 'M'icroprocessors (a sub-set of PL/I 
(='P'rogramming 'L'anguage I (=one), from IBM 
(='I'nternational 'B'usiness 'M'achines)))
1974 - Bravo: Bravo was the first WYSIWYG document preparation 
program. It provided multi-font capability using the bitmap displays 
on the Xerox Alto personal computer. It was produced at Xerox PARC by 
Butler Lampson, Charles Simonyi (who also developed Microsoft Excel 
and Microsoft Word) and colleagues in 1974.
1976 - EMACS: Richard Stallman, Guy Steele, and Dave Moon, while at 
MIT, release EMACS (a set of 'E'ditor 'MAC'ro'S', for the TECO 
editor), running on the PDP 10 computer
1976 - VI / Ex: In November 1976 William (=Bill) Joy (of e.g. Sun 
Microsystems), while at the University of California at Berkeley, 
releases the screen oriented text editor VI (='V'isual 'I'nterface), 
together with its line oriented counterpart Ex. VI and Ex are 
different interfaces (one screen oriented, one line oriented) to the 
same program behind it.
1976 - MITS Altair programmer Michael Shrayer releases the first IBM 
PC word processing program, the Electric Pencil
1976 - NED: In 1976 John Robbins Barnaby releases NED 
(='N'ew 'ED'itor) as his replacement for ED, written in assembler, 
while working as an assembly language systems programmer for IMSAI 
(='I'nformation 'M'anagement 'S'ervices 'A'ssociates 'I'ncorporated), 
who was making a computer based on the Intel 8080 CPU 
(='C'entral 'P'rocessing 'U'nit) and running Gary Kildall's Digital 
Research's CP/M (='C'ontrol 'P'rogram/'M'onitor or Control Program for 
Microcomputers) operating system. The IMSAI 8080 was a copy of the 
original 8-bit computer, the MITS 
(='M'icro 'I'nstrumentation 'T'elemetry 'S'ystems) Altair. NED is the 
forerunner of Wordstar.
1978 - Wordstar: John Robbins Barnaby (in corporation with Jim Fox) 
releases in 1978 Wordstar for CP/M (written in assembler).
1980 - XEdit: IBM releases XEdit for VM/CMS 
(='V'irtual 'M'achine/'C'onversational 'M'onitor 'S'ystem)
1982 - WordPerfect: WordPerfect was originally produced by Satellite 
Software International, Inc. of Orem, Utah, which later renamed itself 
WordPerfect Corporation. Originally written for Data General 
minicomputers (e.g. the in 1980 released program SSI*WP), in 1982 the 
developers ported the program to the IBM PC as WordPerfect 2.20. 
WordPerfect was first sold to Novell, then to Corel. In 2003, Corel 
was acquired and taken private by Vector Capital, a San Francisco-
based venture capital and private equity firm.
1983 - Microsoft Word: Richard Brodie releases a DOS 
(='D'isk 'O'perating 'S'ystem) version. Microsoft Word owes a lot to 
Bravo, the original GUI word processor developed at Xerox PARC. 
Bravo's creator Charles Simonyi left Xerox PARC to work for Microsoft 
in 1981. Charles Simonyi hired Richard Brodie, who had worked with him 
on Bravo, away from Xerox PARC that summer.
1983 - BRIEF: The Underware corporation releases the BRIEF 
(='B'asic 'R'econfigurable 'I'nteractive 'E'diting 'F'acility) text 
editor, written by Dave Nanian and Michael Strickman. BRIEF was bought 
by Solution Systems, then bought by Borland.
1985 - Microsoft Notepad: in November 1985 Microsoft releases the text 
editor Notepad as part of Microsoft Windows 1.0
1985 - QEdit: In November 1985 Sammy Mitchell of the Semware 
(='S'ammy 'E'dward 'M'itchell soft'WARE') corporation releases the 
text editor QEdit (='Q'uick 'Edit') (later in 1992 renamed to TSE 
(='T'he 'S'emware 'E'ditor)), written in Turbo Pascal, later in 1990 
converted to C.
Internet: see also:
Operating system: Linux: Editor: Emacs: History: Meaning: What is the 
meaning of Emacs?
Operating system: Linux: File: Editor: Vi: History: What is the 
meaning of VI?
Douglas Engelbart
Text editor
Orthodox Editors as a Special Class of Advanced Editors
Emacs Timeline
A History of UNIX before Berkeley: UNIX Evolution, 1975-1984
The core of information technology
SDS 940
History of WordStar
Brief editor
Microsoft Word
The First Word Processor
History of Word Processing
TSE: Version: Overview: History: In which year were TSE versions 
released? [timeline]