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Famous Personalities Of Rajasthan.

Aug 15th, 2009 03:56
free musicpoint, engatoo engatoo, alex martin, kumar gaurav, http://www.rajasthantravelguide.co.in/


Smt. Vasundhara Raje
The Chief Minister of Rajasthan, Smt. Vasundhara Raje was conferred the
Third “U.N. Women Together Award” on the evening of May 14th in New 
York.
Complete Postal Address : Pratap Chowk, Jhalawar - 326001
Phone : 32603 (Residence)
Date of Birth : 08.03.1953
Place of Birth : Mumbai
Husband’s Name : Shri Hemant Singh
Smt. Vasundhara Raje is the present Chief Minister of Rajasthan State,
was born on March 8, 1953 in Mumbai. She is the fourth child of the
incumbent Ruler of Gwalior His Highness Jivaji Rao Scindia and his wife
Rajmata Vijaya Raje. She completed her school education from
Presentation Convent, Kodaikanal. Thereafter, she graduated in Economic
and Political Science (Hons.) from Sophia College, Mumbai University,
Mumbai, (Maharasthra). Smt Raje came in touch with Rajasthan with her
marriage to the incumbent ruler of Dholpur, Maharaja Hemant Singh on
November 17, 1972. Since then her relationship with Rajasthan has 
become
stronger.
Social and Political interests were inculcated in Vasundhara Raje from
early childhood by her mother Smt. Vijaya Raje Scindia. She has been
working for social causes since an early age.
Smt Vasundhara Raje’s political involvement started with her induction
in the National working Committee of Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) in the
year 1984. She was the Vice President of the State BJP YUVA Morcha for
two years (1984-1986). She represented Dholpur as MLA in the State
Assembly from 1985-1989. She was the vice-president of the State Unit 
of
BJP from 1987 to 1989 and was elected as MP from Jhalawar for the first
time in 1989. Since then, she was elected for further four successive
terms for the Lok Sabha in 1991, 1996, 1998, and 1999. Representation 
of
a constituency in the Lok Sabha for five consecutive terms is a sure
indication of her popularity. In 1997, she was elected Joint Secretary,
BJP Parliamentary Committee.
Smt Vasundhara Raje, because of her dedication, sincerity and
efficiency, was give the portfolio of Minister of State for External
Affairs in 1998-99 in the cabinet headed by Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
On October 13, 1999, Smt Raje was again included in the Central 
Ministry
as State Minister with independent charge of Small Industries, 
Personnel
& Training, Pension & Pensioners Welfare, Personnel & Public Grievances
and Pension Ministry, Nuclear Energy Department and Space Department, 
etc.
Smt Vasundhara Raje was appointed as the President of the Rajasthan 
Unit
of BJP in September 2002. Her “Parivartan Yatra” helped her understand
the miseries of the citizens of Rajasthan and problems in development 
of
the State.
Smt. Vasundhara Raje has been elected for the 12th State Assembly from
Jhalarapatan constituency of Jahalwar district.
Smt Vasundhara Raje’s hobbies include reading, music, horse riding and
gardening. She has visited England, Japan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh
Egypt, Morocco, Sri Lanka, South Africa, South Korea, etc. for various
social causes.
Smt Vasundhara Raje was elected unanimously as the leader of the BJP
State unit on December 6, 2003. she was sworn in as the first woman
Chief Minister of Rajasthan State on December 8, 2003.
Smt. Pratibha Patil
Indian Development Foundation (formerly Indian Leprosy Foundation)
congratulates Her Excellency Smt. Pratibhatai Patil on her assuming the
office of the President of India.
Date of Birth : Dec 19, 1934
Place of Birth : Nadgaon, Maharashtra
Took Office : Jul 25, 2007
Nationality : Indian
Religion : Hindu
Political affiliation : Congress(I)
Education : R.R. School at Jalgaon, M.A. from Mooljee Jaitha (M.J.)
College, Jalgaon,law degree from the Government Law College, Mumbai
Mentor : S.B. Chavan
Pratibha Patil was born to Narayan Paglu Rao on 19th December 1934 at
Nadgaon, Maharashtra. She studied at R.R. School at Jalgaon. She
received her M.A. from Mooljee Jaitha (M.J.) College, Jalgaon and
obtained a law degree from the Government Law College, Mumbai and
practised as an advocate in Jalgaon. Coming from a humble family, her
father was a public prosecutor. From social work, she joined the 
cogress
and was elected to the Maharashtra Assembly in 1962 for the first time.
Three years later, she married Devisingh Ransingh Shekhawat, a maratha
of Rajasthani origin. From 1972 to 1978, Patil was a cabinet minister 
in
Maharashtra. She was the leader of the opposition in the Maharashtra
Assembly in 1979. She was elected to the Rajya Sabha in 1985. From 1986
to 1988, she held the post of deputy chairperson of the Rajya Sabha. As
a member of parliament, she represented Amravati in the Lok Sabha from
1991 to 1996. She later became the 24th Governor of Rajasthan and,
notably, was also the first female governor of this state. And now, she
has become the first female President of India on July 25, 2007 and 
also
she is the first maharashtrian to hold this post. She is the proud
mother of a son and daughter.
Maharaja Maharana Pratap Singh
Maharana Pratap, is the name of a glorious and towering personality, 
who
is the embodiment of courage, bravery, self respect, patriotism and the
spirit of independence. WE are proud of giving the world such a
legendary figure. Such a person was ever born in this world is 
difficult
to believe. Words fail to give a true discription of characteristics
which immortalized him to be remembered with due respect and honour.
Born on 9 May, 1540 Maharana Pratap possess an excellent
physique,character and sagacity along with high morality. He was
enthroned in 1572 and struggled for the independence of his motherland
and the preservation of Indian moral values till he breathed his last.
In 1576,Maharana Pratap displayed unbounded courage and bravery in the
battle of Haldighati. After the historical and decisive victory in the
battle of Dewair in 1582, he led Mewar State on the path of social and
cultural advancement and made Chawand his capital in 1585 . He left for
his heavenly abode 409 years ago in 1597.
He personified divine qualities. His enlightening deeds still continue
to shine brightly in the mind with heart and soul of Indian people. His
name will continue to glitter in the pages of world history forever.
Hakim Khan Suri
During the reign of Maharana Udai Singh ,Karbala warrior’s descendents,
Hakim Khan Suri came to Mewar. He later on became a lieutenant of
Maharana Pratap and fought bravely in the battle of Haldi Ghati. Hakim
Khan fighting with Maharana pratap and Raja Man along with Akbar,
clearly establishes the fact that the battle of Haldi Ghati was fought
against imperialistic and expansionistic design, and it was not a
communal one
Jhala Manna
Jhala Manna is an outstanding dazzling example of extraordinary valour,
bravery and sacrifice who shrouded with the glory of struggle for
freedom.In the battle of Haldi Ghati in 1576,jhala Maan decorated
himself with the Crown and the royal emblem from Pratap and started
fighting valiantly.
Jhala Maan has set a unique example of loyalty, bravery and courage by
sacrificing his life to save the life of Pratap.
Bhama Shah
Bhama Shah made a mark in the history of Mewar .Son of Bharmal Kawadiya
and born 450 years ago ,he is a matchless example of honesty, faith and
duty. He was not only the treasurer of Pratap but also fought like a
soldier when the need arose.Maharana Pratap was able to properly
maintain his army of 25000 soilders for 12 years only because Bhama 
Shah
has gifted his property and also a collection of 25Lakh rupees and 
20000
gold coins from Maalpura during financial crises.
Rana Poonja
The Bhil warriors in the battle of Haldi Ghati, participated under the
leadership of Rana Poonja. The enthusiastic Bhils worked as secret
informers and running messengers In Mewar state the history of Guhil
clan is full of daring deeds, the contribution of Bhil community is
unforgettable . At the time of Ghuhaditya’s coronation the “Tilak
ceremony was performed by the blood flowing from the thumb of Mandleek
–a “Bhil” Sardar. ”
Due of this, royal emblem of Mewar State carries a Victory Tower which
is flanked by a Rajput warrior on one side and “ a bow –arrow-bearing
Bhil”, on the other.
Chetak
Chetak, the white horse of arabic breed had a short neck ,a tail with
bushy dense hair ,narrow back , big eyes with sharp sight , sturdy
shoulders, broad forehead and chest. This divine horse had balanced
muscular body with an extremely attractive appearance blessed with
flying legs. Chetak had rare intelligence, restraint and courage 
coupled
with unflinching faithfulness to his master.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (November 3, 1688-September 21, 1743) was 
ruler
of the kingdom of Amber later called Jaipur. He was born at Amber, the
capital of Kachwahas. He became ruler of Amber in 1699 at the age of 11
when his father Maharaja Bishan Singh died.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II (1686-1743) was the ruler of the Rajput
State of Amber in Rajasthan (India). A feudatory of the Mughals, he
received the title of ‘Sawai’ (one and a quarter) from Emperor
Aurangzeb, who declared him a quarter superior to his famous forebearer
Mirza Raja Jai Singh (d. 1667) after he captured the Fort of Vishalgarh
from the Marathas in 1701. The title was officially recognized by an
Imperial Edict in 1712, and, to commemorate it, the rulers of Jaipur
began the practice of flying two flags, one full and one quarter-sized.
After the death of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Mughal Empire went into a
decline and the Delhi Court became a hotbed of intrigues and 
treacherous
politics. It wasn’t until 1719 when, after surviving assassination
attempts and other sundry opposition, the nineteen-year old Muhammad
Shah became the Emperor that some sort of stability was achieved. This
lasted for the next twenty years until the Afghan invader Nadir Shah
sacked Delhi in 1739 and, amongst other loot, carried away the famous
Peacock Throne. The shrewd and opportunistic Jai Singh managed to 
retain
his political importance during these turbulent times. His accomplished
diplomacy had kept him in Aurangzeb’s good graces and he remained a
favorite too with Muhammad Shah. It was on his instigation that the new
Emperor abolished the hated Jaziya tax imposed on the Hindus. After
bringing to the Emperor’s notice some astronomic discrepancies that
possibly affected the timings of Hindu and Muslim holy events and
expressing his desire to correct these, Jai Singh also received 
Imperial
backing for building his Astronomy Observatories at Delhi, Jaipur,
Varanasi, Ujjain and Mathura. In return, as a tribute to his Mughal
patron, Jai Singh titled the astronomical work he completed in 1728 as
‘Zij-e-Muhammad-Shahi (Muhammad Shah’s astronomical tables). That same
year he also built his new, magnificently designed capital Jaipur, 
about
200 km southwest of Delhi and constructed by combining the aspects of
the ancient Hindu treatise on architecture, the Shilpa Shastra, and
plans of many European cities of the period with Jai Singh’s own ideas.
Jaipur, which was built on the grid system with nine rectangular zones
corresponding to the nine divisions of the universe and had different
zones allotted to different professions, boasted 119 feet wide main
streets that were perpendicularly intersected by 60 feet wide auxiliary
streets, which were further honeycombed by 30 feet wide lanes and 15
feet wide by-lanes. Beautiful, harmonized buildings and shady trees
lined the streets, and the city was well-provided with water conduits
and wells. The European travelers of the time, like the Frenchman Louis
Rousselet, and the English bishop, Heber, were greatly impressed by Jai
Singh’s unparalleled excellence in city-planning.
Astronomy, however, was Jai Singh’s grand passion. He was a scholar,
with an eclectic collection of astronomical manuscripts and tables from
Arabia and Europe that included the Englishman John Flamsteed’s
‘Historia Coelestis Britannica’, the Portuguese Pere de la Hire’s
‘Tabulae Astronomicae’, the Turkish royal astronomer, Ulugh Beg’s 
tables
‘Zij Ulugh Begi’, and the Greek Ptolemy’s ‘Almagest’. With the help of
Pandit Jagannath, a multilingual Marathi Brahmin, he had these 
treatises
translated into Sanskrit and they were given Sanskrit names - Ptolemy’s
treatise became ‘Siddhantasurikaustubh’, Ulugh Beg’s tables ‘Turusurni’
and la Hire’s tables ‘Mithiajeevachayyasurni’. He also acquired
telescopes from Europe, prior to which he had conducted observations
using astrolabes and other instruments. With these he had detected the
discrepancies in the earlier astronomy tables that had happened due to
changes in the positions of the heavenly bodies.
Jai Singh’s observatories were called ‘Jantar Mantars’, which in
Sanskrit roughly translates to ‘The Formula of Instruments’. The first
one was built at Delhi in 1724, the second at Jaipur in 1734 and the
other smaller ones at Mathura, Ujjain and Varanasi between 1732 and
1734. These monumentally grand, surrealistic structures, with their
remarkable geometric shapes, are themselves the astronomical
instruments, outfitted with drafting devices and grid indicators, and
are so highly sophisticated that they are capable of exactly measuring
planetary positions and reading time precise to one second. They were
built with the assistance of the Bengali Pandit Vidyadhar Bhattacharya
(also the engineer of Jaipur City), and are based on Ulugh Beg’s large
15th century instruments at Samarkhand. Although smaller, futuristic
instruments like the telescope and newer-type of observatories in Paris
and Greenwich were revolutionizing contemporary Europe, Jai Singh had
more faith in the accuracy of his huge masonry structures. He also
himself designed some of the instruments, like the ‘Samrat 
Yantra’, ‘Ram
Yantra’, and ‘Jai Prakash Yantra’.
The ‘Samrat Yantra’ is a gigantic 90 feet high and 148 feet wide
sun-dial, north-south coordinated and angled at 27 degrees, the 
latitude
of Jaipur, and outfitted with finely calibrated quadrants on which the
movement of the sun’s shadow (falling on the western ramp before noon
and on the eastern ramp in the afternoon) can be carefully charted to
not only measure the local time to an accuracy of half a minute, but
also precisely note zenith distances, meridian pass time and the
celestial latitudes. The Samrat Yantras in the five observatories are
each dissimilar in form in order to make the hypotenuse of the high 
ramp
(gnomon) and the adjacent quadrants perfectly parallel to the earth’s
axis and the equator respectively.
The ‘Ram Yantra’ is a high column inside a marked container which is
capable of accurately gauging the altitude and azimuth (the azimuth of 
a
celestial body is the angle between the vertical plane containing it 
and
the plane of the meridian) of planets.
The most fascinating of all is the ‘Jai Prakash Yantra’, which consists
of two large, bowl-shaped, complementary, marble hemispheres that have
planetary latitude and longitude markings and are deep-set in the 
ground
with channels for allowing the instrument reader access to other parts
of the hemispheres. A small pointer on a wire is hung over the centre 
of
each hemisphere, and by the position of the sun’s shadow on the marked
hemisphere sections it is possible to read the supernal coordinates of
the sun.
Jai Singh also set up an astrolabe, the ‘Raj Yantra’, which is a map of
planetary positions depicted on a 7 foot wide metal disc, and to whose
fundamentals and practical use he devoted two volumes.
Jai Singh was far more accurate than Ptolemy and Ulugh Beg in measuring
the precession (the motion of a spinning body in which it vibrates and
causes the axis of rotation to sweep out a cone) of the equinoxes, and
the abnormality of the ecliptic (the great circle representing the
annual solar path; the plane of the Earth’s orbit around the sun; makes
an angle of about 23 degrees with the equator). However, surprisingly,
he failed to take into consideration many of the important European
discoveries of his time, like Copernicus’s heliocentric concept that
maintained that it was the earth that moved around the sun and not the
other way around.
Jai Singh opened his observatories to the public in order to popularize
astronomy, and also sponsored a scientific delegation to Portugal under
the Jesuit, Padre Manuel de Figueredo. The emissaries, who set sail for
Lisbon in 1728, returned in 1730 with the Portuguese King Emmanuel‘s
envoy Xavier de Silva and Pere de la Hire(1640-1718)’s ‘Tabulae
Astronomicae’ (pioneered at the Paris Observatory and first printed in
1687 with an improved version brought out in 1702) and some 
instruments,
including telescopes. Jai Singh, on experimenting with the foreign
apparatus, found it imperfect, and, while he did enhance his
astronomical work with some of Hire’s theories, he found several
discrepancies too in Hire’s tables. Ascribing these to the ‘inferior
diameter’ of Hire’s instruments, he sought the opinions in 1734 of two
Frenchmen stationed in Chandernagore in Bengal, Father Claude Boudier
(1686-1757) and Pons, who confirmed the inaccuracies in Hire’s tables.
Jai Singh made plans for sending a second delegation to Europe, but 
died
before he could do so in 1743.
Prithviraj Chauhan
Prithviraj Chauhan, the last ruler of Chauhan dynasty to sit on the
throne of Delhi, was born in 1168 as the son of Someshwar Chauhan, the
king of Ajmer. He was a brilliant child and very sharp at learning the
military skills. He had the skill of hitting the target only on the
basis of its sound. He succeeded to the throne of Ajmer at the age of
thirteen, in 1179,when his father died in a battle. His grandfather
Angam, ruler of Delhi, declared him heir to the throne of Delhi after
hearing about his courage and bravery. He once killed a lion on his own
without any weapon. He was known as the warrior king.
When he ascended to the throne of Delhi, he built Qila Rai Pithora 
here.
His whole life was a continuous chain of bravery, courage, chivalrous
deeds and glorious exploits. He defeated the mighty Bheemdev, ruler of
Gujarat, at the mere age of thirteen. His love story with his enemy,
Jaichand’s daughter, Samyukta is very famous. He rode off with her on
the day of her ‘Swayamwara’.
He expanded his empire, during this time Mahmud Ghori attacked India in
1191 and he was defeated at the first battle of Tarain. After defeating
the army of Mahmud Ghori he was asked to attack the retreating army but
in true Rajput tradition he refused to do so as it did not conform to
the fair war rules. As a result Mahmud ghori again attacked India and 
in
the second battle of Tarain Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated and
captured. He was treated very badly, his eyes were burnt with red-hot
irons and he was made blind. But Prithviraj did not lose courage. 
Helped
by his court poet and friend Chand Bardai, he is believed to kill 
Mahmud
ghori with his “shabdabhedi baan”. His skill of hitting the target just
on the basis of sound made by it come handy. and during the archery
competition organized by Mahmud ghori, he displayed his skill. When
Mahmud ghori praised him he heard his voice and attacked him. Mahmud
ghori was killed. In order to escape death at the hands of enemies he
and his friend Chand Bardai stabbed each other.
Chand Bardai compiled the story of the life of Prithviraj Chauhan in 
his
epic poem Prithviraj Raso. Prithviraj Chauhan died in 1192, with his
death a period of bravery, courage, patriotism and principles came to 
an
end. Prithviraj Raso of Chand Bardai and Prithviraj Vijay of Jayanak
have immortalized deeds of Prithviraj Chauhan.
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
Shri Shekhawat belongs to a farmer’s family and experienced the woes,
trials and tribulations of a small farmer. For him, it was a matter of
conviction to ensure that the land must belong to the tillers of the
land. He whole-heartedly supported all agrarian reform movements and
pressed for early and effective land reforms.
Father’s Name: Late Shri Devi Singh Shekhawat
Mother’s Name: Late Smt. Bane Kanwar
Date of Birth: 23rd October 1923
Place of Birth: Village Khachariawas, District Sikar (Rajasthan)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse’s Name: Smt. Suraj Kanwar
Children: One daughter
Profession: Farmer and Agriculturist
Permanent Address: 72, Gaurav Nagar, Civil Lines, Jaipur - 302 006
(Rajasthan)
Telephone - 0141-2225487
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat
BJP stalwart Bhairon Singh Shekhawat sworn in as the country’s 12th
Vice-President on August 19 2002. The oath of office was administered 
by
President APJ Abdul Kalam at the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Among the
dignitaries present at the ceremony were Prime Minister Atal Bihari
Vajpayee, Deputy Prime Minister L K Advani, former prime ministers I K
Gujral, P V Narasimha Rao, leader of the Opposition, Sonia Gandhi, 
Tamil
Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister
Farooq Abdullah and Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot.
Fifty years after he won his first Assembly election in 1952, Shekhawat
was relinquishing politics to contest a constitutional position. “I do
have a sense of regret that I will no longer be in active politics,” he
said that day. “I am treading a different path with which I am not
acquainted. But this new road also has its own attractions and 
challenges.”
Shekhawat was born on October 23, 1923, in an obscure village in Sikar
district of Rajasthan. Poverty forced him to quit his education before
completing high school, following which he found a job as a police
constable. An RSS functionary from a young age, he quit his job to
plunge into the fray in the first Assembly elections in 1952 as a
Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) candidate. The party performed poorly in
states like Madhya Pradesh and Punjab, where it had strong units and 
had
expected to do well, but in Rajasthan it won a surprising nine seats,
Shekhawat’s among them. But soon the Rajasthan unit was on the verge of
falling apart. Six of the nine elected were big zamindars, who had
joined the party primarily to protect their landed interests. Yet when
the Congress government brought the Zamindari Abolition Bill, BJS chief
Shyama Prasad Mookerjee insisted his party should support it. But these
MLAs opposed the bill and were expelled. Shekhawat, despite his caste
affiliation with the zamindars, stayed with the party, and after their
departure rebuilt it, practically from scratch.
Indeed Shekhawat’s uniqueness lies in the fact that he has frequently
taken positions far more progressive than expected of his party. He
unequivocally condemned the Sati at Deorala in 1982, at a time when few
politicians in the state were willing to speak out against it. He has
firmly identified himself with the liberal Mookerjee-Vajpayee stream
within the party and is dismissive of hardliners and ideologues. During
his chief ministerial stints he took several steps to draw Muslims
towards his party. He was the first chief minister to set up a State
Waqf Authority. He got the dargah of Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti at Ajmer
renovated at considerable government costs, and established the
Rajasthan State Urdu Academy. “A government is responsible to all
sections of its people, not just those who have voted for it,” he 
stated
clearly.
In 1977, the Janata Party government launched the Antodaya or Food for
Work programme countrywide. Under Shekhawat’s leadership Rajasthan led
the country in implementing the programme, to an extent that its
excellence was remarked upon by Robert McNamara, then president of the
World Bank. As chief minister he was also much liked by the state
bureaucracy, for he never effected mass transfers on taking over and
never sought to label officers as party fellow travellers. One
particular IAS officer, said to be extremely close to outgoing Congress
chief minister Mohanlal Sukhadia in 1977, was not only retained by
Shekhawat in the same position when he took over, but became one of his
closest aides as years went by.
But Shekhawat’s vice-presidential tenure has begun on a mildly sour
note. He is miffed at being deprived of the presidentship of the Indian
Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR), a position the country’s
Vice-President normally holds. But in a startling departure from
tradition, Najma Heptullah was named ICSSR chief, days before Shekhawat
was elected. Doubly galling is the knowledge that his close friend 
Prime
Minister Vajpayee is responsible for the move, as well as the
insinuation among BJP men that the post was not given to Shekhawat
because “he knows nothing about art and culture”.
Though his victory was assured, Shekhawat took no chances. He camped in
the capital’s Rajasthan House (with children, grandchildren and aides)
throughout, paying daily visits to Parliament, lobbying intensively 
with
MPs for his election. “People have been showing me great affection,” he
maintained, as he consistently targeted individual opposition MPs too.
“Politics is all about making friends, not enemies, even though one may
differ strongly on issues.” Indeed, Shekhawat numbers Chandrasekhar,
Sharad Pawar and Amar Singh among his close friends, he was even local
guardian to two of Laloo Prasad Yadav’s daughters when they studied in
Ajmer!
The result of the election reiterated his overweening popularity. Even
counting the support of the AIADMK and several independents, his NDA
election managers had expected Shekhawat to win by about 110 votes at
best in an electoral college of 788 members (comprising both houses of
Parliament). But he ended up 149 votes ahead of his rival Shinde. Who
were the opposition members who cross-voted for Shekhawat? No one will
ever conclusively know. Some speculate that Shekhawat played the caste
card-drawing Thakur support from across the political spectrum. “I 
don’t
think so,” said BJP treasurer Ramdas Agarwal. “His network goes well
beyond caste. He is a master at managing elections.”
Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, This mastery has been evident time and again.
Three times Shekhawat led his party to victory in Rajasthan-first as
Janata Dal chief in 1978, later as BJP chief in 1990 and end-1993. All
three times he became chief minister of Rajasthan. Ironically, despite
resounding victories the first two times, he was unable to complete his
term: in 1980, Indira Gandhi, returning to power at the Centre,
dismissed his government; in 1992, he was again dismissed after the
demolition of the Babri Masjid. In end-1993, on the other hand, the BJP
failed to get a majority, but Shekhawat used his manipulative tactics 
to
engineer a majority, and this government ran its full term.
Rana Sanga
Rana Sangram Singh (commonly known as Rana Sanga) (died March 17, 
1527),
was the ruler of Mewar, a region lying within the present-day Indian
state of Rajasthan, between 1509 and 1527.
Rana Sanga (1509-1527)
Rose to be the greatest king of Mewar. During his rule Mewar reached 
the
pinnacle of her glory. He extended his kingdom, defeated the Lodhi 
kings
of Delhi several times and was acknowledged by all the Rajput clans as
the leading prince of Rajasthan.
Sanga had to face a new and powerful invader in the Moghul Babar, a
descendant of Timur the Mongol. In 1526 Babar invaded India and 
defeated
Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi. In the face of this threat the Rajput
clans united under Rana Sanga in a Rajput confederacy but the superior
artillery of the Moghul prevailed against the cavalry charges of the
Rajputs. At Kanuha, near Bharatpur in 1527, Babar defeated Sanga and 
the
Rajput confederacy, and this victory established a new era in the
history of India. The Moghul period dawned.
Rana Bikirarnjeet
The second sack of Chittor (1536) took place during his reign, Bahadur
Shah, Sultan of Gujarat, attacked the fort. The infant heir to the
throne, Udai Singh, was smuggled out of the fort before it fell.
Rana Udai Singh I
Maharana Udai Singh (1522–1572) was king of Mewar and founder of the
city of Udaipur in Rajasthan.
He was the 53rd ruler of the Mewar dynasty. He was the son of Maharana
Sangram Singh and Rani Karmavati. Panna Dhai saved him from his uncle
Banbir. He lived in Kumbhalgarh for two years. He was crowned king in
1540. He was father of Maharana Pratap. He died in 1572 at Gogunda.
During his childhood Udai Singh was twice saved in extraordinary
circumstances. First he was smuggled out of Chittor before the sack by
the Sultan of Gujarat. Then, to save him from his uncle Banbir who was
regent and wished to usurp the throne, his faithful nurse Panna Dai
substituted her own baby in the royal cradle. Her child was slain, but
Panna escaping with the baby prince made her way to Kumbalgarh fort,
where Udai was brought up. Banbir was killed by palace intrigue and 
Udai
Singh was restored to the throne.
It was during Udai’s reign that the Moghul Emperor Akbar besieged
Chittor (1568). The Rana left the fort to be defended by his brave
vassal chiefs, Jaimal and Patta, fifteen year old lads. Akbar was
victorious. The Rajputs having seen their women and children immolated,
died fighting. Chittor never recovered from this third attack and Udai
Singh built his new capital at Udaipur.
Lakshmi Mittal
Lakshmi Narayan Mittal (born June 15, 1950) is a London-based Indian
billionaire industrialist, born in Sadulpur Village, in the Churu
district of Rajasthan, India, and residing in Kensington, London. He is
the fifth richest person in the world, with a fortune of US$32 billion
according to Forbes.
Lakshmi Mittal heads the multi national steel company Mittal Steel that
his father Mohan began. Mittal has grown the family business into one 
of
the largest steel companies in the world, with steel making facilities
in fourteen countries and employing more than 150,000 people. The 
Indian
born, British based steel magnate was the third richest man in the 
world
in 2005 according to the Forbes business magazine. Lakshmi Mittal saw
his estimated wealth increase by $US18.8 billion in 12 months, due to
surging steel prices and when he merged his Ispat International with
Ohio-based International Steel Group. Mittal reportedly paid $US100+
million for a twelve bedroom residence in Kensington Palace Gardens, 
London.
Lakshmi Mittal, the world’s fifth richest man and the CEO of Arcelor
Mittal, the world’s largest steel company, seems to be the Indian
reincarnation of Andrew Carnegie. Both were accountants whose vision
greatly exceeded that craft. Both overcame fierce opposition, and both
leaped impossibly high hurdles to reach goals that boggled their
contemporaries’ minds. Mittal’s wealth and power came from achieving 
his
dream of consolidating the global steel industry. Carnegie’s came from
consolidating the American steel industry. Both gave notoriously
glamorous parties. Carnegie was, and Mittal is, famously generous and
charitable, although Mittal has given millions of dollars without
fanfare to tsunami relief and other causes. Carnegie’s philanthropy was
instrumental in spreading his fame.
Yet arguably, Mittal, 56, overshadows Carnegie in some ways. Carnegie’s
U.S. Steel was the first American company to achieve a $1 billion 
market
capitalization. Arcelor Mittal seems likely to become the world’s first
$100 billion market-cap steel company. The geographic scope of Arcelor
Mittal, with 320,000 employees in 60 countries, also vastly exceeds 
U.S.
Steel’s. Carnegie believed in piling debt onto his companies, but
Arcelor Mittal is a relatively unleveraged company, rated investment
grade despite dozens of cash acquisitions. So while the original
Carnegie was mainly a financier, the modern one is fundamentally an
industrialist.
Most remarkably, Mittal’s story is far from finished. Steel is truly a
global commodity, with 40% crossing a national border before it is 
used.
Despite being three times the size of its nearest competitor, Mittal’s
company is in the early stages of penetrating the world’s largest
market, China. It has just announced plans to enter the Indian market,
and it is not yet involved in Russia or Japan or a number of
emerging-market nations. If he were alive today, Carnegie might well be
green with envy.
Sh. Ghanshyam Tiwari
Ghanshyam Tiwari is current education minister in Government of
Rajasthan. He is a senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party in Rajasthan
and is a member of the party’s central working committee.
Father’s Name : Sh. Suvalal Tiwari
Date of Birth : 13.03.1948
Place of Birth : Khood, Dist - Sikar
Marriage Date : 03.07.1972
Spouse’s Name : Smt. Pushpa Tiwari
Children : 2 Son(s) & 1 Daughter(s)
Educational Qualifications : B.Com., LL.B.
Occupation : Agriculture
Membership of the House(s) : 7,8,10,12
Permanent Address : E-183, Ram Path, Shyam Nagar, Sodala, Jaipur.
Jaipur Tel. No. : 0141-2293666
Present Address : E-183, Ram Path, Shyam Nagar, Jaipur.
Jaipur Tel. No. : 2293666
Mobile No. : 98292-10106
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