Industrial Development & Infrastructure In Rajasthan.
Nov 22nd, 2008 01:41
Raj Aryan, kumar gaurav, http://www.rajasthantravelguide.co.in/
Telecommunication facilities in Rajasthan have been improving rapidly of
late. As on March 31, 1994, there was 1240 telephone exchanges in the
State with 349230 installed telephone instruments.
The State has inter city (both national and international) direct
dialling (STD/ISD) facilities at all district centres and most other
major towns. Facsimile facilities can be availed of at all these towns.
Telex facilities are available at all major towns. Jaipur is one of the
locations included in the Department of Telecommunications recent tender
for paging services.
Banking, Accounting & Allied Services :
There are about 3155 (31.12.94) branches of scheduled commercial banks
in Rajasthan. State Bank of Bikaner and Jaipur (SBBJ) is the lead bank
of the state. The major Indian and foreign banks provide merchant
banking and other specialised services to industrial units in Rajasthan,
through their branch offices in Delhi and Bombay. The apex institution
for term financing, the industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) and
the Industrial Finance Corporation of India have branch offices in Jaipur.
All the major towns in the State have a strong presence of practising
chartered accountants. Jaipur has around 600 practising chartered
accountants. In addition, all the major international accounting firms
service their clients in Rajasthan through their representative/
correspondent firms located in Delhi and Bombay.
All matters between the State administration and an individual
industrial enterprise would normally fall within the jurisdiction of the
State High Court at Jodhpur ( which has a branch at Jaipur). Legal
advice/ support in such matters is available from members of the local
Bar Council. In contracts between individuals/ corporations, it is
possible to sepcify the court of jurisdiction in case of disputes.
Specialised advice on contractual matters including patent/ trade rights
may be obtained from solicitors located at Delhi, Bombay and other metros.
Larger agencies proceeding management consultancy, advertising and
market research services are located at the four metros. However,
smaller agencies providing these services are available at Jaipur and
other larger towns in the State.
Jaipur Stock Exchange, established in 1989, is already the third largest
in the country in terms of membership. At the end of the January ‘96,
750 companies were listed on this exchange. The volume of daily turnover
averages about Rs. 80 million at present.
Social InfraStructure :
Schools : There are about 34610 primary schools, 11071 upper primary
schools, 3214 secondary school and 1257 senior schools in Rajasthan. The
State also has a good network of private schools offering both English
and Hindi as medium of instruction. Among these are missionary
institutions like St. Xavier’s at Jaipur, Sophia’s at Ajmer, Kota,
Jodhpur and Mt. Abu and public School at Jaipur. The private schools
offer education as good as anywhere else in the country. Many of them
are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi and
follow a syllabus implemented by Central Board schools throughout the
Higher Education : There are nine universities in the State including
deemed universities. There are about 173 general education colleges and
44 professional colleges providing higher education in engineering
technology, medicine and teacher training.
Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur are the main centres of learning and have a
medical college and an engineering college each as well as several
institutes of specialised training. Ajmer, Bikaner, Kota and Pilani also
have a concentration of higher education facilites.
Housing : It is possible to rent good accommodation at reasonable rates
in Jaipur and Udaipur. A standard three bed-room house in Jaipur is
available in the range of Rs.2000-3000 per month. A bigger bunglow type
accommodation is available in the range of Rs. 4000-6000 per month.
In other larger towns, accommodation suiting cosmopolitan requirements
is limited but it is possible to hire spacious houses of traditional
construction at reasonable rents.
Cooking gas and electricity is available in all district and
subdivisional towns of the State.
Health Services : There are 266 hospitals and about 10,000 dispensaries
spread all over the State. General practitioners are available down to
level of a sub-divisional town. Specialist medical practitioners are
available at all major towns in the State.
Hotels and Restaurants : Jaipur, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Ajmer,
being on the tourist map of India, offer hotel facilities of
international standards. These hotels, managed by national chains such
as the Taj group, Welcomgroup, the Oberois, ITDC and the Clarks group,
have excellent restaurants serving Continental , Chinese and Indian
cuisine. In addition, all major towns in the State have hotels run by
Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC), as well as by private
local entrepreneurs, which offer services of a reasonable standard to
tourists and business travellers. The Delhi-Jaipur highway has several
Many private entrepreneurs have renovated old palaces of Rajasthan into
Heritage Hotels in collaboration with national and International Hotels
chains. Such Hotels are becoming increasingly popular with foreign
tourists and with the Indian corporate sector for hosting conferences
Entertainment and Recreation : Rajasthan has much to offer by way of
recreation and entertainment. There are numerous forts, palaces, and
museums in practically every town which was the seat of an erstwhile
princely state. The state has several sanctuaries including tiger
sanctuaries and hosts numerous fairs at its various shrines, some of
which like the Pushkar fair have gained international fame. The temple
of Dilwara, Nathdwara, Ranakpur and Mahaveerjee draw devotees from all
over the country and abroad. The folk tradition has been kept alive by
the musicians and the State has several theatre groups of national acclaim.
There is a Television Station at Jaipur which relays programmes produced
in-house. These can be viewed within radius of 80-90km around Jaipur.
Apart from this, the state also has about 42 relay transmitters at major
towns which relay the programmes broadcast on the National hook-up. Each
of these has a coverage of about 15-20km radius. New relay stations at
Bundi and Jaipur have a coverage of 120-140km each. All the relay
stations have been linked to Jaipur station, which enables viewers to
watch programmes on regional as well as national hook-up.
The state has 250 cinema houses and like the rest of the country is
experiencing a video revolution. There is a large network of video film
libraries, covering all major towns, offering a wide variety of Indian
and foreign films. Cables/ Satellite TV facilities available at many of
the larger towns bring international television programmes to the state.
Many district headquarters have good clubs. The clubs at the major towns
like Jaipur, Ajmer, Udaipur and Alwar offer all the standard facilities
of any club in a metropolis viz. tennis and squash courts, libraries,
card room, billiards and bar. Many of them have reciprocal membership
arrangements with well known clubs in other towns in the country.
Air Links : Indian Airlines and private air taxi operators - offer
regular fights to New Delhi and Bombay from Rajasthan. In addition to
Jaipur , Jodhpur and Udaipur are also airlinked. Jaisalmer and Kota are
likely to be airlinked soon. Jaipur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Kota are
Jaisalmer are included in the list of cities open to private air taxi
The State has an air cargo complex at Jaipur. A similar facility has
been developed at Jodhpur and Udaipur. Jaipur airport is expected to be
developed as an international airport by the end of the decade.
Rail Links : All major towns and most district headquarters in the State
have rail links for both passenger and goods traffic.
At present, most destinations in the State are served by metre gauge
railway, while the majority of the rail network in North and West India
is broad gauge.
However a major track renewal programme to convert existing metre gauge
routes to broad-gauge is under implementation. This would take the BG
network in Rajasthan upto 55% as against the present 21.5%. Large part
of the broad-gauge conversion work is now complete. Jaipur now had
direct broad-gauge connection to Delhi through Rewari. Jaipur and
Sawai-Madhopur have already been linked on Broad-Gauge under this
programme thereby connecting it to Bombay through Kota. Track renewal
from Phulera-Degana -Merta Road -Jodhpur is also complete. Similarly the
track from Kolayat-Lalgarh-Bikaner-Merta is also now on broad-gauge.
Alwar-Mathura route is also converted.
On completion of the work, Jaisalmer would also be brought on the
broad-gauge network. The Marwar-Ahmedabad route will also be broad-gauge
thus bringing Jaipur on the prestigious Delhi-Ahmedabad route.
Roads : The total Road Mileage in Rajasthan is 2846 km of National
Highway and around 58680 km of State Roads and Rural links roads. Four
national highway i.e. No.8 (Delhi-Ahmedabad), No. 11 (Agra-Bikaner)
No.15 (Bhatinda-Kandla) and No.12 (Jaipur-Bhopal) pass through
Rajasthan. Roads provide the most convenient mode of travel between
Delhi and various industrial locations in eastern Rajasthan, most of
which are 1-3 hours of comfortable road journey from Delhi.
All district and subdivisional towns have direct bus service to Jaipur.
Jaipur and other major towns are connected to each other and to Delhi
and Ahmedabad (largest city in neighbouring Gujarat) by deluxe bus services.
Goods Transport : Goods are transported both by road and rail. Rail
transport is in the public sector. Rail-freight rates are generally
fixed annually. Truck transport rates are fixed by the truck owners’
unions and are generally not negotiable.
As in the rest of the country, the power supply in Rajasthan has fallen
short of the increasing demand for power. However, the industrial sector
is given priority for power supply and there have been no power cuts on
industry since 1988 except for a brief spell in 1994. Many of the larger
industrial units invest in adequate diesel power generating capacity to
tide over the poser shortage problem. While a No Objection Certificate
(NOC) is required from RSEB for installing DG Sets, such clearance is
granted within 15 days.
The development of power sector has been accorded highest priority in
the State and about 28% of the State’s Plan resources have been
allocated for this sector.
The total installed generating capacity stood at 3009.715 MW as on
March, 1995. To keep pace with the increasing demand for power, priority
has been accorded to augmenting power supply in the state. An additional
allocation of 620 MW of power has been received from the central power
generating stations, which would be available upto 1997. It is expected
that an additional 545 MW of generating capacity will be added within
the State by 1997.
The State Government has recently floated global tenders inviting offers
from private parties for setting up lignite based thermal power plants.
The power generating capacity from lignite resources is estimated at
2240 MW. The State Government is also actively seeking private
investment in power projects in line with the new Central policy of
attracting private investment in the power sector.
The State Government is also encouraging industrial units to set up
captive power plants. The surplus power generated by captive power
plants would be purchased by the Rajasthan State Electricity Board
(RSEB) on mutually agreed terms. RSEB also permits Wheeling of power
through its grid in the case of captive power plants located at a
distance from the consumption point.
On its eastern boundary, Rajasthan has a perennial river Chambal.
Otherwise, the availability of water in Rajasthan is mainly through
wells. The availability of water from ground water sources in most parts
of the State is reported to be good, although the water table is around
30 to 50 metres, which requires deep bore-wells to pump out the water.
Water is now available in Sri Ganganagar, Bikaner, Jaisalmer and Jodhpur
districts from the Indira Gandhi Canal. Water availability in Banswara
district has improved due to commissioning of Mahi project and Narmada
water would cover areas of Jalore and Barmer. The historic agreement
finalised recently among the basin states of the Yamuna waters would
augment the water availability in the eastern part of state by 1119
On the whole, the water availability in the State, though limited,
should not be a constraining factor for setting up industry. However,
industrial units requiring large quantities of water (such as paper
mills) would not be suited for Rajasthan.
Investment Oppertunities :
While formulating the new industrial policy, state has taken into
consideration the district features and advantages which it enjoys over
other states. Special emphasis has been given to promote resource based
industries which have been given added concessions and incentives. The
industries which receive such special attention include :
* Leather based industries
* Ceramic and glass
* Wool based industries
* Electronics and telecommunication
* Mineral based industries
* Agro and food processing
* Tissue culture and biotechnology products
* Dairy industries
* Export oriented units
* Power generation and power plant equipment
* Labour intensive units
Human Resources :
Rajasthan has a talented pool of trained manpower with skills and
experience required for modern industrial enterprise. The State has
engineering colleges at Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Pilani and Jaipur. The
Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) at Pilani, a deemed
University, is regarded as a premier engineering institute, nationally
BITS Pilani, as well as the other universities in the State offer
graduate courses in management. The R.A. Poddar Institute of Management
at Jaipur is well regarded by the industries in the region.
Most of the district centres have polytechnics and Industrial Training
Institutes (ITIs) which offer various vocational courses. In addition,
the state has various institutes offering specialised training in
certain disciplines, including hotel management, wool and sheep
breeding, textile designing, blue pottery, gem cutting and polishing.
In addition to the above, Rajasthan is famous for various traditional
skills. Skills with potential for exploitation for commercial purposes
Gems and Jewellery
Processing of precious and semi-precious stones enamelled jewellery.
Handicrafts and embossing work in brass and aluminium-zinc alloys.
Textiles & Embroidery
Block printing, Embroidery, tie and die.
Processing and conversion into garments and articles of daily use.
Statues, decorative building materials, ornaments and decorative items.
Cutting and Polishing.
Wide variety, different areas are famous for different skills.
Non-Renewable Resources : Rajasthan has large deposits of important
minerals with the State’s mineral base being next only to Bihar.
Non-metallic minerals predominate in Rajasthan, the principal ones being
asbestos, emerald, felspar, garnet, gypsum, lignite, limestone, mica,
quartz, silica sand, soapstone and vermiculite. Among the metallic
minerals, the principal ones are copper ore, lead-zinc ore, worlframite
(tungsten ore) and iron ore.
Rajasthan also has large deposits of various building, decorative and
ornamental stones. These include marble, sandstone, Kota stone, Jodhpur
stone, Dholpur stone, Karoli stone, slate and granite. Only small
portions of these deposits have been exploited so far.
The state has a near monopoly in the country in respect of minerals like
lead-zinc ore, asbestos, calcite, gypsum and soapstone. The Western
parts of the State also have natural gas reserves. Under the
constitution of India, mineral rights and administration of mining laws
are vested in the State Government.
Renewable Resources : Rajasthan’s renewable resources comprise its
agriculture and livestock base.
Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for the people of
Rajasthan. Its principal cereal crops are wheat, maize, jowar, bajra,
gram and pulses while its commercial crops include groundnut, soyabean,
rapeseed, mustard, linseed and cotton etc.
The 1988 livestock census places the state’s livestock population at
over 50 million. Udaipur, Barmer, Jaipur and Nagour are the districts
with the highest concentration of livestock. This resource has resulted
in large availability of raw materials for the leather goods and wood
industry in the State.