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Villages In Rajasthan.

Apr 4th, 2008 05:21
kumar gaurav, http://www.rajasthantravelguide.co.in/


Khuri Village In Rajasthan :
The main agricultural caste in Rajasthan is the Jats, they comprise the
largest single caste in the state (9 per cent), and were, in the 1930’s
and even earlier, the most self-conscious and prosperous among the
peasant castes. In 1935 their claims to certain privileges led to a
series of clashes between them and the Rajputs, who resisted their
attempts to revise accepted signs of status. The clash of 1935 is
reminiscent of similar ones in other areas between lower castes on the
rise and higher established castes.
The Jat demonstrations broke out in Sikar, the largest thikana in Jaipur
State, and involved both economic and social issues. The Jats in the
area had formed two associations, the Sikarwati Jat Panchayat and the
Jat Kisan Sabha, and had received some help and encouragement from the
British Indian province of Uttar Pradesh. Some of these “outsiders” were
organizers for the socialist-oriented Kisan Sabha which attempted to
mobilize the peasantry in the 1930’s in response to radical pressures in
the Congress.
The initial demonstration in Khuri village on March 27, 1935, was
occasioned by a social issue, whether a Jat bridegroom should be allowed
to ride to his bride’s house on a horse, a ceremonial act asserting
higher station than Rajputs were prepared to concede. 20 March 1935 was
a day of marriage in a Jat family in Khuri. The barat had come and they
were preparing for the toran ceremoney with bridegroom riding a horse.
The Rajputs objected, the Jats insisted, fighting broke out, and an old
Jat Ratan Singh Bajiya was killed. Jats and Rajputs gathered in large
number. Jats sat on dharna and refused to return the barat. The incident
led to further clashes, and the thikana police, the Sikar Lancers, under
command of the English chief of the Sikar police Captain veb reached
Khuri on 27 March 1935, warned the crowd to disperse. The Rajputs
dispersed but Jats did not move. Captain Veb charged the Jat crowds with
lathis (quarter-staffs), killed four Jats and injured about 100 Jats.
[3] The incidence of Khuri was condemned all the news papers and by
Mahatma Gandhi wrote a strong note in Harijan news paper about this
incidence
Kheechan Village In Rajasthan :
Banswara district was formerly a princely state ruled by Maharavals and
was home to tribal Bhils, who constitute more than half of the city’s
population. The city was ruled by a Bhil ruler Bansia and Banswara was
named after him. Jagmal Singh became the first Maharaval of Banswara
after defeating and killing Bansia.
However, there is another theory that says the city is called so because
of the abundance of bamboos (bans) in the district’s forests. In
religious connotations, the place is also called ‘Lodhikashi’ or Little
Kashi because of the presence of eleven and a half Swayambhoo Shivlings
here.
In 1913, there was a revolt by Bhils under the leadership of social
reformer Govindgiri. In a massacre termed as the mini Jallianwala Bagh
Kand, hundreds of Bhils were shot dead at Mangarh hillock where they
were holding a peaceful meeting. The place has since become sacred and
is called the Mangarh Dham.
Banswara state and Kushalgarh chieftainship got merged in Greater
Rajasthan in 1949 when all princely states were merged with the Union of
India. Banswara was carved out as a separate district ever since.
The district is situated in the valleys of the Aravallis and has a rich
reserve of both flora and fauna. Tribals are the natives here and their
culture is seen here in its original form.
The district is surrounded by Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, and hence
boasts of a compact culture. The Vagdi culture of this area is actually
a mixture of Gujarati, Rajasthani, Malwi and Mewari cultures.
About 160 kilometers from Udaipur, Banswara district is bounded by
Dhariawad tehsil of Udaipur and Pratapgarh tehsil of Chittorgarh on the
north. In the east, it shares its boundaries with Ratlam district of
Madhya Pradesh; in the west by with Sagwara and Aspur of Dungarpur and
in the south with Jhabua of MP. Panchmahal district of Gujarat also
touches Banswara in the southwest.
Kuchaman Village In Rajasthan :
Kuchaman is a small village known for its impressive fort that has been
converted into a grand heritage hotel today. Founded by Thakur Zalim
Singh in 1781 AD,Untouched by the forces of commercialization, Kuchaman
exists in a state of blissful ignorance.
In fact, Kuchaman is a wonderful place where you can observe the rural
population of Rajasthan at its colorful and charming best.
Perched atop a 1000 ft high cliff, the Kuchaman Fort is the most
important attraction of Kuchaman village. Converted into a heritage
hotel now, the fort displays a rich collection of original inlay work in
semi-precious stones, glass and gold paint.
The Sheesh Mahal (glass palace) is a sight to marvel at. Meanwhile, a
colorful bazaar located below the fort is a great place to shop for
handicrafts and fabrics.
Osian Village In Rajasthan :
Osian, an ancient small village in the Thar Desert, is located about 65
kms, north west of Jodhpur. Osian is a great centre of Brahmanical and
Jain religions and contains the largest group of the Hindu and Jain
temples in Rajasthan. These temples belongs to the two periods, namely
8th century represented by nearly 12 temples and 12th century
represented by 6 temples.
In the medieval period, Osian was a large and bustling town and caravans
from Arabia, Persia, Afghanistan and central Asia arrived here for
trade. Osian was also the capital of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty from
the 8th to 12th century. Osian was an important centre of pilgrimage
between the 8th and 9th centuries. This can be known from the surviving
Hindu temples of the Vaishnava, Surya (Sun) and Shakti (mother goddess)
sects. The Brahminical influence was very strong in Osian during that
period and later, Jainism also flourished in the place through the
Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. But still, various Hindu devotees visit the
Osian temple dedicated to the goddess Sachiyamata. In ancient times,
Osian was known as Ukeshpur.
The major tourist attraction in Osian are the 15 Brahmanical Hindu
temples and shrines and Jain temples. These temples were built during
the rule of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty between 8th and the 12th
century. These temples are very small and beautifully built and richly
sculpted. The main feature of these temples is is that no two temples
are alike in any manner and each temple has its own unique design,
planning and layout. The stone from which these temples were built was
extracted from local quarries, and has managed to withstand the vagaries
of nature for various centuries.
The main temple of Osian is set on a terrace whose walls are decorated
with mouldings and miniatures. The temple is called a panchavatan temple
as the central shrine is surrounded by four small shrines. The walls of
the temple have central projections with carved panels and above these
rise the curved towers topped by an amalaka and pot finial. The doorways
are usually decorated with river goddesses, serpents and scrollwork. A
group of 11 temples belong to the 8th-9th centuries and lies within and
on the outskirts of the Osian village.
The temples are grouped in several groups like the North group, West
group and South group. The architecture of the interiors of this temple
is very impressive and is known for the beautifully decorated walls. The
West group contains a mixture of Hindu (Surya, Vishnu and Pippala Devi)
temples, an 8th century tank and an 11th century Jain (Mahavira) temple.
The main Sachiya Mata temple appears to be made in 1178 AD and has a
shikhar clustered by two rows of turrets, an ambulatory and a large
assembly hall with an elaborate ceiling. The Sun temple is the oldest
temple of the group. Its doorway is regarded as one of the finest temple
doorways in India.
Narlai Village In Rajasthan :
Transport yourself to a whole new realm as you unearth the splendors of
the Rawla Narlai fort in Southern Rajasthan. Built beneath a 350 ft high
rock, this 17th century fortress is now a heritage hotel that reflects
grandeur and elegance all the way.
Owned by a member of the Jodhpur royal family, the Rawla Narlai fort is
a classic example of the famed Rajput style of architecture. Complete
with huge courtyards, gardens, balconies and porches, Rawla Narlai is
pure magic.
Apart from its characteristic grandeur, Rawla Narlai is also known for
the luxuries offered to each and every guest. Nowhere else has tradition
and modernity been blended in such a charming manner. Surrounded by many
hillocks and temples, Rawla Narlai is indeed an experience to cherish
for a lifetime.
Guests at the Rawla Narlai fort cum hotel can also enjoy folk
performances and recitals that are sure to delight them no end. The
Narlai village where the fort is located also offers great opportunities
for nature walks, hikes and sightseeing tours.
Temples: Narlai boasts of many beautiful temples dating back to
different periods. Some of them are in ruins but nevertheless have their
grandeur still intact.
Nana Village In Rajasthan :
Nana is a village in Pali District of Rajasthan state in India. It is
situated at a distance of three km from the railway station of the same
name on Ahemedabad-Ajmer railway line. Its ancient name was Nanaka. It
is an historical village and was in existence even in the tenth century
as is known from the inscription of 960 AD in the Jain temple. The area
was under rulers of Gujarat, Nadol, Sirohi, Abu and Mewar at various
times in its history. In 1602 AD it was governed by Rana Amar Singh of
Mewar.
This place is associated with Jainism. Once the life size image of
Mahavira was worshipped here. Nanavala or Jnanakiya gachchha (Jain saint
community) was founded at Nanea by Prabhananda. There was a tenth
century temple of NilakanthaMahadeva at Nana. There is also an early
temple dedicated to Laxmi Narayana, known earlier as Chakrasvami temple.
Its ancient name was Nanaka. It is an historical village and was in
existence even in the tenth century as is known from the inscription of
960 AD in the Jain temple. The area was under rulers of Gujarat, Nadol,
Sirohi, Abu and Mewar at various times in its history. In 1602 AD it was
governed by Rana Amar Singh of Mewar. This place is associated with
Jainism. Once the life size image of Mahavira was worshipped here.
Nanavala or Jnanakiya gachchha (Jain saint community) was founded at
Nanea by Prabhananda.
There was a tenth century temple of NilakanthaMahadeva at Nana. There is
also an early temple dedicated to Laxmi Narayana, known earlier as
Chakrasvami temple. Its ancient name was Nanaka. It is an historical
village and was in existence even in the tenth century as is known from
the inscription of 960 AD in the Jain temple. The area was under rulers
of Gujarat, Nadol, Sirohi, Abu and Mewar at various times in its
history. In 1602 AD it was governed by Rana Amar Singh of Mewar. This
place is associated with Jainism. Once the life size image of Mahavira
was worshipped here. Nanavala or Jnanakiya gachchha (Jain saint
community) was founded at Nanea by Prabhananda. There was a tenth
century temple of NilakanthaMahadeva at Nana. There is also an early
temple dedicated to Laxmi Narayana, known earlier as Chakrasvami temple.
Ramdevra Village In Rajasthan :
Ramdevra is a village situated about 12 Kms to the north of Pokhran in
Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan in India.The village is known after Baba
Ramdevji, a Tanwar Rajput and a saint who took Samadhi in 1458 A.
D.There is a temple dedicated to Baba here.
Near the village, there is a tank known as Ramsar tank which is believed
to have been constructed by Baba Ramdev himself. A large step well, the
Parcha Baori is also situated nearby.
A large fair known as Ramdevera Fair is held here from Bhadon Sudi 2 to
Bhadon Sudi 11 (Aug - Sept) .It is attended by a large number of
devotees who come in large groups from far and wide. Irrespective of
their caste, creed or religious affiliations, these devotees throng the
shrine dedicated to the saint. These groups organise night long singing
of bhajans and kirtans to pay homage to Baba.
Roopangarh Village In Rajasthan :
Rooprangarh was the capital of Kishangarh for about 100 years and was
never conqured despite being repeatedly ttacked by neihbouring states.
The roopangarh fort was founded in1653 by Maharaja Roop Singh, the fifth
rular of Kishangarh. He was inspired to make this site his capital after
watching a mother sheep gallantly protecct her lambs from a pack of
hungry wolves. The road to the fort passes through an intresting village
where you get a glimplse of everyday life as it was long ago. The fort
has now been converted into an evocative hotel by the Maharaja and
Maharani of Kishangarh.
The Roopangarh Fort was built in 1648 AD by Maharaja Roop Singh of
Kishangarh. It was basically a military structure that has been
converted into a fine heritage hotel today. In spite of many new
additions being made over the years, Roopangarh Fort has still managed
to retain its old worldly charm and romantic appeal.
While exploring the grand fort turned hotel, one is simply awed by the
medieval splendor that surrounds the entire structure. The walls still
reverberate with numerous old tales of Roopangarh Fort’s glorious past.
Today, this grand heritage hotel is a delightful combination of
tradition and modernity that add up to a stay to remember.
Accommodation wise, the hotel offers 20 elegant rooms that come with a
host of modern day amenities to ensure a comfortable stay. Meanwhile,
the hotel offers other facilities like conference rooms, ISD/STD lines,
fax, car rentals, laundry and doctor on call. Recreational facilities at
the Roopangarh Fort hotel include a library, tennis court, croquet,
indoor games and live entertainment.
Samode Village In Rajasthan :
Deep in the desert, against a background of stony hills lies the large
sprawling haveli (palace) of Samode which stands apart in serene
splendor amid rugged hills.
To reach the haveli one has to first pass through the quaint little
village of Samode. Small havelis and village houses are set on either
side of a stone paved road that curves gently up the hill and, entering
through a high arched gateway, one is finally inside the building which
gleams a pale yellow in the sunlight.
Within the four walls you can almost believe you are in another world.
The view of the façade is rather imposing; the main building fans out to
the sides and a series of balconies, one atop another, are set in the
center. Fretwork screens run all along the length of the top floor and
the family standard flutters from the curved roof emblazoned with its
coat of arms.
The Samode palace which belongs to the Rawals of Samode, is about 400
years old and has been converted into a comfortable hotel run by the
family. The Rawals trace their descent from Prithvi Singh of Amber
(1503-28), 17th prince of the house of Kacchwaha Rajputs, who is turn
trace their descent from Lord Rama. Gopal Singh, one of the 12 sons of
Prithvi Singh was given Samode.
The house is built in the characteristic pattern of an open courtyard
with rooms leading off the arched corridor that runs along all four
sides of the building. The sultan Mahal is on the first floor-an
exquisite room with a marble pillared verandah. It has the famous Jaipur
blue tile decorations. Every inch of the ceiling and the walls are
covered with floral, paisley and geometric motifs painted in vegetable
colors. It is called Sultan Mahal after the painstaking craftsman, who
created it. Old and heavy carved silver furniture brought from Nepal by
the grandmother of the present Rawal gleams dully as a ray of sunlight
strikes it. To the left of the main haveli is the Durbar Hall, which was
built about a hundred years ago. Again it is completely painted in
ornate floral motifs and colored delicately with vegetable pigments
which still have a special glow of their own.
A hall of mirrors which is a must for any palace of consequence is also
to be found in Samode. Large and tiny fragments of polished mirror are
set into plasterwork. You walk into the room and see a thousand images
of yourself. At night a single candle flame can create the effect of a
thousand stars-a magical experience to say the least. The people of the
desert love mirrors because the cool polished surface reminds them of water.
During the day a camel ride through the Samode village and the
surrounding countryside is a good idea. Riding this supercilious looking
animal with its rocking gait is the best way of relaxing on a sunny morning.
Half an hour’s walk up steep stone steps leads to the old qila or the
fort of Sheograrh. This is where the inhabitants of Samode barricaded
themselves in times of war. It is an austere building built on
traditional lines. We walked around the now tranquil battlements to the
sound of cooing pigeons and doves.
Three kilometers away, iridescent with flowering bushes, fruit trees and
lush green lawns, is Samode Bagh, a walled garden that once served as
the recreation grounds for Samode Palace. It is an oasis set amidst the
dry rugged expanse of an ochre desert.
Since Samode is only about 42 kilometers from Jaipur it would be a good
idea to stay here away from the hustle and bustle of the city. One can
drive out to Jaipur for a day’s sightseeing and return to this tranquil
hamlet in the evening.
Sam Village In Rajasthan
Sam Sand Dunes are situated at a distance of approximately 42 km from
the city of Jaisalmer. Located in the midst of the Thar Desert, these
sand dunes are amongst the most famous ones in Rajasthan. Radiating
laid-back vibes, Sam Sand Dunes, near Jaisalmer, Rajasthan totally
enchant you with their fascinating sights. These 3km long, 1km wide and
almost half a kilometer high sand dunes keep on shifting on a permanent
basis. The area of the Rajasthan Sam Sand Dunes supports absolutely no
plant life. The whirling air currents of this area match with those of
the sandstorms in the Sahara.
The old ruins and the various temples in this area are a must see. The
best way to enjoy the Sam Sand Dunes of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan is through
an overnight trip. One of the most pleasurable moments comes at the time
of the sunset. Watching the sand dunes in the faint orange glow of the
sun with the ballads of the legendary lovers playing in the background
leaves you completely speechless. The night is spent sleeping in the
open under the cover of the star-studded sky. One of the major
attractions of the Rajasthan Sam Sand Dunes is the desert festival that
takes place every year. Even the desert comes alive with the sound and
light show, and dance and music that are organized there.
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