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Entry

Geography of Rajasthan

Mar 13th, 2009 04:04
Pankaj Maxx, http://www.travelmaxx.org/rajasthan/


The main geographic features of Rajasthan, the Thar Desert and the 
Aravalli Range, which runs through the state from southwest to 
northeast, almost from one end to another, for more than 850 km. Mount 
Abu is at the southwestern end of the series, separated from the main 
ranges by the West Banas River, although a series of broken ridges 
continues into Haryana in the direction of Delhi, where it can be seen 
as protrusions in the form of the Raisina Hill and ridges further 
north. Approximately three fifths of Rajasthan lies northwest of the 
Aravallis which two fifths of the east and south. 
The northwestern part of Rajasthan is generally sandy and dry. Most of 
the region covered by the Thar desert, occurring in parts of Pakistan. 
The Aravalli Range not intercept the moisture-giving southwest monsoon 
winds from the Arabian Sea, because it lies in a direction parallel to 
that of the coming monsoon winds, leaving the northwestern region in a 
rain shadow. The Thar Desert is thinly populated, the city of Bikaner 
is the largest city in the desert. Northwestern thorn scrub forests 
lie in a band around the Thar Desert, between the desert and 
Aravallis. This region receives less than 400 mm rain in an average 
year. Summer temperatures can exceed 45  C in summer and drop below 
freezing in winter. The Godwar, Marware and Shekhawati regions lie in 
the thorn scrub forest zone, along with the city of Jodhpur. Luni 
River and its tributaries are the main river of Godwar and 
flacoamoroso regions, draining the western slopes of the Aravallis and 
emptying southwest into the great Rann of Kutch wetland in neighboring 
Gujarat. This river is saline in the lower reaches and continues drink 
alcohol only Balotara in Barmer district. The Ghaggar River, which 
originates in Haryana, is an intermittent stream that disappears into 
the sands of the Thar desert in the northern corner of the state and 
is seen as a remnant of the primitive Saraswati river. 
The Aravalli Range and the countries in the east and southeast of the 
series are generally more fertile and better watered. This region is 
home to the Kathiarbar-GIR dry deciduous forests ecoregion, with 
tropical dry broad leaf forests teak, acacia and other trees. The 
hilly Vagad southern region in Rajasthan, on the border with Gujarat. 
With the exception of Mount Abu, Vagad is the wettest region in 
Rajasthan, and the most heavily forested. Vagad lies north of the 
Mewar region, home to the cities of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh. The 
Hadoti region is located in the southeast, bordering Madhya Pradesh. 
North of Hadoti and Dhundhar the Mewar region, home to the capital of 
Jaipur. Mewat, the eastern region of Rajasthan, borders Haryana and 
Uttar Pradesh. East and Southeast Rajasthan is drained by the Banas 
and Chambal rivers, tributaries of the Ganges. 
The Aravali Range runs on the state of the southwest peak Guru Shikhar 
(Mount Abu), which is 1722 m high, with Khetri in the northeast. This 
divides the country in 60% in the northwest of the range and 40% in 
the Southeast. The northwest tract is sandy and unproductive with 
little water but improves gradually from desert in the far west and 
northwest of relatively fertile and habitable land to the east. The 
area includes the Thar Desert. The Southeast region, higher in 
altitude (100 to 350 m above sea level) and more fertile, has a varied 
topography. in the south lies the hilly tract of Mewar. In the 
southeast, a large area within the districts of Kota and Bundi forms a 
tableland. Northeast of these districts is a rugged region (Badlands) 
after the line of the Chambal River. Further north the country levels, 
the flat plains of the northeastern Bharatpur district are part of an 
alluvial basin.Major strain in Ajmer region is Rawat.
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